*SYLLABUS:*

__Course & Section Numbers__

- MA-157 = Sections 201 (0072627—Emmetsburg), 202 (0072628—Estherville), 203 (0072629—Algona), 204 (0072630—Spirit Lake), 205 (0072631—Spencer)
- BS-211 = Sections 201 (0072343—Emmetsburg), 202 (0072344—Estherville), 203 (0072345—Algona), 204 (0072346—Spirit Lake), 205 (0072347—Spencer)
- Statistics and Business Statistics are two numbers for essentially the same course.

__Schedule__

- Thursday evenings, January 11 – May 10, 2017
- Class is scheduled to run from 6:00pm – 9:55pm.
- The course will be taught over the ILCC television system, primarily originating from the Algona campus.

__Description__

- CATALOG DESCRIPTION: The use of statistics by the methods of descriptive and inferential statistics. Both single and bivariate data are analyzed. Elementary probability and normal probability distributions are studied along with hypothesis testing, linear correlation regression analysis and analysis of variance.
- GENERAL DESCRIPTION: In this course you will first learn about descriptive statistics in one and two variables. You will then use the basic concepts of probability to understand inferential statistics. In particular you will learn how to use statistics to estimate information about a population and how to perform significance tests using both traditional and non-parametric statistics.

__Credit__

- 4 semester hours

__Prerequisites__

- There are no formal prerequisites for this class. However, a basic knowledge of algebra will be extremely useful.
- All students also need to achieve appropriate scores on one of ILCC's mathematics placement tests.

__Transferability__

- This is a basic introductory statistics course. Equivalent courses are offered at almost every college, and it should transfer freely.
- Many majors have a statistics requirement, and this course should meet that requirement for most majors.
- Some math and science majors may require a more formal proof-based course. If you need to transfer this course and have any questions, contact the college you plan to attend.

__Instructor__

- David Michael Burrow
- E-Mail (preferred method of contact): davidmburrow@yahoo.com or burrowd@bishopgarrigan.org or burrowd@iowalakes.edu
- Home Phone/Fax: 515/295-5285
- Cell Phone/Text or Voice Mail: 515/341-3763
- In addition to the standard ILCC course site, notes and handouts from the class are available online at http://www.davidmburrow.com/statistics.html. Some of the notes are likely to be revised in Spring 2018.

__Book__

- Brase, Charles Henry, and Corinne Pellillo Brase. Understandable Statistics: Concepts and Methods. 11th Edition. Stanford, CT: Cengage Learning, 2015.
- The textbook that the fulltime ILCC faculty
have selected is available from the
ILCC bookstore, and it should also be
available online from the publisher and from retailers such as
Amazon.com
or bn.com.

You may also wish to check into e-book editions and inexpensive rental options online. - The book will be used for reference in class, and problems will be assigned from it. If money is a concern, students are encouraged to share textbooks.
- Ancillary materials such as the note-taking guide, solutions manual, and on-line access subscription are not necessary and will not be used in this class.

__Calculator__

- You should have a graphing calculator designed for statistics for this class.
- The best calculators for this class are the TI-84 or TI-84+ graphing calculators, which are available for $75 - $125 in area stores such as K-Mart, Target, Wal-Mart, ShopKo, Staples, and OfficeMax, as well as from the ILCC bookstore. It is assumed you will have a graphing calculator for the class. For the purposes of this class, the TI-84 and TI-84+ are identical.
- The TI-83 or TI-83+ will work
essentially the same as the TI-84 for almost
all of the topics covered in the class. (The
exception is the X
^{2}-GOF test.) It is also generally less expensive. - Phone apps (such as wabbitemu) are available that emulate the features of the TI-83 and TI-84. You are welcome to use these in class or for assignments, but you may not use the phone apps on tests.
- ther Texas Instruments graphing calculators, such as the TI-81, TI-82, TI-85, or TI-86 are not recommended. They do not have the statistical features that will make your problems much easier to do.
- Graphing calculators made by other companies (H-P, Sharp, etc.) may work. This is not guaranteed, however, and instructions in the class will be geared to the Texas Instruments machines.

__Other Supplies__

- You will need to take organized notes almost every week, and you will want writing materials to do this.
- A small supply of graph paper may be useful for some problems, but is not required.
- In addition, you will need to complete an individual or small group project. This may require some additional supplies, depending on what you choose.
- Many students choose to print out the online notes and then add to them during class.

__Overall Goals__

- Understand the uses of formal statistics, and apply statistical methods to solve real-world problems.
- Describe and apply sampling procedures.
- Calculate and interpret descriptive statistics such as measures of central tendency, dispersion, and position.
- Understand the basic theory of probability, and how probability is applied to statistical problems.
- Use sample statistics to estimate population parameters.
- Understand the concept of statistical significance, and apply statistical tests to check for significance.
- Describe and interpret correlations and linear regressions.
- Calculate and apply non-parametric statistics.
- Understand how statistics can be misused and misinterpreted.

__Assignments__

- You will be given suggested assignments most days in class. While these will not be turned in for a grade, it is suggested that you do the problems.
- At the very least, you should look through them and make sure you know how to do each type of problem. We will go through many of the assigned problems in class.
- In addition to book assignments, you will be given review worksheets, the answers to which will be posted online.

__Quizzes__

- There will be brief quizzes given each week after the first. These may be given at any time during class.
- Quizzes may NOT be made up in terms of absences.
- Quizzes as a whole will count for 15% of your grade.

__Tests__

- You will be given four tests over the course of the summer.
- Before each test you we will review in class, and there will also be a review worksheet with questions similar to the test that you can check the answers to online.
- By the nature of the course, each test will to some extent be cumulative, reviewing what came before. However there will be nothing officially cumulative in the final.
- Tests will be graded on a straight points basis, with all tests (including the final) worth approximately the same number of points. (Each test will be worth about 15% of your grade.)
- Tests should be taken when scheduled. If you will be gone for a test, you must schedule the make-up in advance. Otherwise, you canÃ¢â‚¬â„¢t make it up.

__Project__

- All students will complete an individual or small-group project, where you will apply statistics to a real-world situation.
- You will complete an initial prospectus for the project, a mid-term progress report, a written summary, and a final presentation to the class.
- You will receive a letter grade on the project, which will be worth approximately the same as one test (approximately 15% of your gradE).

__Attendance__

- It is assumed that you will be at each class session, and you will find it much easier to do well if you attend regularly. Attendance will count for 10% of your overall grade. You may miss 2 sessions and still get an "A" on the attendance portion of your grade. For each session you miss, your attendance grade will go down one letter (so if you miss more than 5, you will get an "F" for attendance). There are no exceptions to the attendance grade policy.

__Grades__

- The standard
ILCC grading
scale applies:
- A = 90%+
- B = 80%+
- C = 70%+
- D = 60%+
- F = 59%-

- Pluses and minuses are not recorded on ILCC grades. There is generally no "extra credit" in this class.

__
Weather
Cancellation__

- In case of severe weather, the college will announce any cancellations on area radio stations.
- Weather cancellations are also posted on the website http://www.iowalakes.edu. You may also sign up for text or voice mail alerts.

Below are links to notes and handouts given in this class. These are documents in Microsoft Word and in Adobe Acrobat format. You may wish to download these by right clicking and choosing "save target as". You may then read them on a computer that has MS Office and/or Acrobat installed.

These notes are the BASIS of the notes that will be presented in class. They may not include everything that is presented. Most of these notes are based on class presentations from earlier semesters, and the actual presentations vary somewhat from semester to semester. You are advised to use these notes as a guide and a starting point--NOT in place of taking notes in class.

There may occasionally be some errors in the notes. Also, a few graphical features of Word (such as equations and mathematical symbols) may cause difficulty in printing. In some cases the notes also use unusual fonts as a method of illustrating mathematics. You may notice this in certain symbols which appear as just blank spaces, squares, or unusual characters when you attempt to print these Word documents on some computers.

These may be substantially revised throughout Spring, 2017. It is suggested you wait to download them until it is time for each chapter.

Also note that some graphics and special characters may not print correctly in these versions of the notes.

- CHAPTER 1 NOTES: Basic Terms & Gathering Data (updated Spring 2017) - .docx - .pdf - .pptx
- CHAPTER 2 NOTES: Organizing Data & Distributions (updated Spring, 2017) - .docx - .pdf - pptx
- NOTES: Statistical Deception - Part 1 (updated Spring 2017) - .docx - .pdf - .pptx
- CHAPTER 3 NOTES: Measures of Central Tendency, Variation, Dispersion, & Position (updated Spring, 2017) - .docx - .pdf - .pptx
- CHAPTER 4 NOTES: Probability (updated Spring, 2017) - .docx - .pdf - .pptx
- CHAPTER 5 NOTES: Binomial Distributions (updated Spring, 2017) - .docx -.pdf -.pptx
- CHAPTER 6 NOTES: Z-Scores (updated Spring, 2017) - .docx - .pdf - .pptx
- NOTES: Central Limit Theorem (uploaded Spring 2018) - .docs - .pdf - pptx
- CHAPTER 7 NOTES: Estimation (updated Spring, 2017) - .docx - .pdf - .pptx
- CHAPTER 8 NOTES: Hypothesis Testing -- z-Tests & t-Tests (updated Spring, 2017) - .docx - .pdf - .pptx
- CHAPTER 9 NOTES: 2 Variables - Correlation & Regression (updated Spring, 2017) - .docx - .pdf - .pptx
- CHAPTER 10 NOTES: The Chi Square Distribution (updated Spring, 2017) - .docx - .pdf - .pptx
- CHAPTER 11 NOTES: Non-Parametric Statistics (updated Spring, 2017) - .docx - .pdf - .pptx
- NOTES: Statistical Deception (updated Spring, 2017) - .docx - .pdf - .pptx
- NOTES: What Else Is There? (updated Spring, 2017) - .docx - .pdf - pptx
- NOTES: Which Test Should I Use? (updated Spring, 2017) - .docx - .pdf - .pptx

- SYLLABUS: Spring 2018 - .docx - .pdf
- PROJECT HAND-OUT (includes prospectus & progress report forms - Spring 2017) - .docx - .pdf
- PROJECT PROSPECTUS FORM (Spring 2018) - docx - .pdf
- HOW TO USE A GRAPHING CALCULATOR (revised Spring, 2017) - .docx - .pdf
- TELLING THINGS APART (uploaded Summer, 2009) - .doc - .pdf
- GRAPHING IN EXCEL (Revised Summer, 2007) .doc - .pdf
- PERCENTILE & QUARTILE PRACTICE (revised Spring, 2017) - .docx - .pdf
- PROBABILITY PRACTICE - WITH ANSWERS (updated Spring, 2017) - .docx - .pdf
- Z-SCORE / NORMAL DISTRIBUTION HAND-OUT (Revised Spring, 2008) - .doc - .pdf
- Z-SCORE PRACTICE WORKSHEET - WITH ANSWERS (updated Spring 2017) - .docx - .pdf
- BLANK NORMAL CURVES (Uploaded Summer, 2013) - .doc - .pdf
- Z-SCORE STORY PROBLEMS (updated Spring 2017) - .docx - .pdf
- BINOMIAL PROBABILITY PROBLEMS (uploaded Summer, 2013) - .doc - .pdf
- ESTIMATION EXAMPLES (Uploaded Summer, 2013) - .doc - .pdf
- HYPOTHESIS TEST EXAMPLES (updated Spring 2017) - .docx - .pdf
- CORRELATION HANDOUT (Revised Spring 2017 - Includes Correlation r-table) - .docx - .pdf
- ANSWERS TO CORRELATION HANDOUT (Spring, 2017) - .docx - .pdf
- SCATTERPLOT EXAMPLES (Uploaded Spring, 2007) - .doc - .pdf
- MORE CORRELATION PROBLEMS (Uploaded Summer, 2013) - .doc - .pdf
- CHI-SQUARE EXAMPLES (Uploaded Summer, 2013) - .doc - .pdf
- NON-PARAMETRIC STATISTICS PROBLEMS (revised Summer, 2013) - .doc - .pdf
- WHICH TEST SHOULD I USE? HANDOUT (Revised Spring, 2017) - .docx - .pdf
- USING THE TI-86 EQUATION SOLVER - .doc - .pdf

- TABLE: Z-Tables (Standard Normal Distribution - Scanned from book Spring, 2006) - .doc - .pdf
- TABLE: T-Table (Student's "t" Distribution - Scanned from book Spring, 2006) - .doc - .pdf
- TABLE: Chi-Square Table (Scanned from book Spring, 2006) - .doc - .pdf
- TABLE: Sign Test Table (Uploaded Spring, 2006) - .doc - .pdf
- TABLE: Runs Test Table (Scanned from book Spring, 2006) - .doc - .pdf
- TABLE: Spearman's r Table (Scanned from book Summer, 2006) - .doc - .pdf

NOTE: Tests and answers will be posted before it is time for each test during the semester.

- SAMPLE TEST 1 (Revised Spring, 2017)
- SAMPLE TEST 2 (Revised Spring 2018)
- SAMPLE TEST 3 (Revised Spring, 2018)
- SAMPLE TEST 4 (Revised Spring 2017)
- Questions - .docx - .pdf
- Answers - .docx - .pdf
**NOTE: There is an error in this sample test on problems involving r-tests. The sample test used a different table than you did. With your table, you don't need to know the degrees of freedom; just look up "n" and the level of significance. For #6, the answer should be .44, and for #11 the answer should be .55; questions #5 and #10 can be ignored.**

- "Against All Odds" PowerPoint Presentation (2013) - .pptx
- Atlanta Child Murders PowerPoint Presentation (2005) - .ppt
- Predicting Elections PowerPoint Presentation (updated 2013) - .pptx
- "Barbie & Ken" PowerPoint Presentation (2014) - .ppt
- "Who Is Trustworthy" PowerPoint Presentation (updated 2014) - .ppt
- Correlation Examples PowerPoint Presentation (2013) - .ppt
- Wabbitemu TI-84 phone app download
- Virtual TI-83+ Calculator for Windows (2010) -
.zip
- This calculator was originally provided on the website of Stonewall Jackson High School, Manassas, Virginia. All the features (including statistics features) work like a standard TI-83+. To use the calculator, follow the steps below:
- Right click on the link, and save the zip folder to a convenient location on your computer.
- Use Windows to "Extract all files".
- Click on Vti.exe, and your calculator is ready to use. (You may want to send a shortcut to this program to your desktop.)
- When you are done using the calculator, right click on the calculator and choose either "Exit and save state" or "Exit without saving state".

Links to other sites on the Web

Mr. Burrow's ILCC Page

Mr. Burrow's Home Page

Official ILCC Home Page

Statistical Test Calculators

U.S. Census Bureau

*USA Today* Snapshots

Statistics in Sports

Virtual Reference Desk Facts Page

*Information Please Almanac*

CIA World Factbook

HotBits Random Number Generator

On-Line Statistics Calculators (UCLA)

Vassar On-Line Categorical Chi-Square Calculator

St. John's On-Line Matrix Chi-Square Calculator (link updated Spring, 2008)

(C) 2018
*davidmburrow@yahoo.com*